Artificial intelligence approaches to improve kidney care

 Artificial intelligence approaches to improve kidney care

artificial intelligence concept design with face

Artificial intelligence is increasingly being used to improve diagnosis and prognostication for acute and chronic kidney diseases. Studies with this objective published in 2019 relied on a variety of available data sources, including electronic health records, intraoperative physiological signals, kidney ultrasound imaging, and digitized biopsy specimens.

Key advances

  • A deep recurrent neural network model using data from electronic health records enables the prediction of inpatient episodes of acute kidney injury (AKI) with lead times of up to 48 hours.
  • Integrating intraoperative physiological signals into an AKI risk model that dynamically integrates preoperative and intraoperative data improves the prediction of postoperative AKI.
  • A convolutional deep learning model enables the noninvasive classification of chronic kidney disease stage and estimated glomerular filtration rate using kidney ultrasound images.
  • A convolutional neural network trained for multiclass segmentation enables automated analysis of transplant biopsy and nephrectomy samples.

 

Rashidi, P., Bihorac, A. Artificial intelligence approaches to improve kidney care. Nat Rev Nephrol 16, 71–72 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41581-019-0243-3